This article contains an analysis of the role of aesthetic evaluation of technical objects on the example of automation and dispatching systems. It is shown that the aesthetic value in scientific and technical knowledge, as in other types of knowledge, is not subjective. It has objective reasons which include unity, harmony of parts as a whole, simplicity, logical hardness and others.As a result, aesthetic evaluation can be used as a criterion for the effectiveness of engineering solutions and the functionality of technical systems.
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The article presents some philosophical arguments in defense of the idea of the necessity to preserve the traditional form of pedagogical communication in the education system. These arguments are associated with the philosophical understanding of man as a social and moral being, and education – as a person acquiring his own image in the process of a living dialogue between a teacher and a student.
The article deals with the causes of the crisis situation that arose in social and humanities knowledge in the last quarter of the XXth century. The author substantiates the point that the essence of the crisis is the absolutization of the ideas of irrationality, subjectivity and relativity of knowledge, which are characteristic of non-classical science. This ideal is in contradiction with the classical ideal of scientific knowledge.